I come to part three of a series of essays on the Atheism-Theist Debate from a Buddhist perspective. In Part 2, I offer up two models of how the cosmos work, the Artefact Mode, which is used to justify the existence of an all-powerful, all-knowing God.
The other model is a web: a self-organising system, like that of a shoal of fish or a Tree.
Here in the pages I link below, I will outline how the various arguments for the Abrahamic God stack up against this Organism Model.
Organisms Model Recap
To recap, the Buddhist ideas of existence is:
- An existence with no fixed essence, undergoes change, and is interconnected. Ultimate truth, is the separate self is illusion (Antaman, Sunyata), there are no essences to existence.
- There are no separate causes and effects, subjects and objects. But a network of feedback loops, more an organism or network like a web. (Indras Net, Interdependent Coarising, Non duality).
- Free Will or Agency is an Illusion, choices are subject to causes and conditions. This makes us part of the cosmos not separate in any way.
- For the Design and Fine Tuning, there’s no need for a designer . No purpose to the cosmos, but a self organising cosmos that unfolds.
- The same goes with Causality and the Kalam, causality is not about a separate cause and effect.
- For Morals, there is no sin, no evil, no good, we don’t need a God to make us good we already are, our ignorance, neediness and grasping is the problem. We are not broken and this world is not Fallen.
- Awakening or liberation is to let to see through the illusion an understand, and accept Ultimate truth of interconnectedness.
- Ethics is the understanding of this interconnected, and the liberation of all sentient beings from this prison of illusion.
- The Non-self view of the cosmos undermines not just a personal soul but a cosmic self, like a Brahman of Hinduism
I go into more detail with each argument with these links.
The Design Argument – Coming Soon
The Kalam Cosmological Argument – Coming Soon