We might ask ourselves in a moment of contemplation, ‘why is there something, not nothing?’ or ‘why is the cosmos the way it is and not some other way?’
But that’s like asking ‘why does a bee sting you?’ It’s an absurd question because that what bees are supposed to do. There is no why. Why implies a reason, and there’s no obligation by the cosmos to answer our queries, no obligation to make sense to us.
It’s related to Shuyata by thinking about it in this way. We have expectations and desires that we want to be met. Safety, security, control, power, truth etc. all through searching for an essence.
Once we let go of our craving (tanhā) and stop twisting reality to fit our expectations, we can then grasp reality as it is. That’s grasping reality in it’s Suchness, it’s Tathātā. Reality untarnished by our grasping neediness, our egotistical desire to be right, in control, our fear-based quest for truth and safety.
It’s as if to say ‘This is the way things are. Waters is wet, the sky is blue‘, the reality is this way. Referring to the way the cosmos works in its order and chaos.
Things fall apart, stars explode, cats a cute, water is wet, this is the reality we have to face. Western philosophy and religion seem to be plagued with asking questions we don’t need the answers too.
It’s saying there is no answer to why, no secret ingredient as I like to put it, the answer is there is no answer. Not having an answer in no way diminishes us or make it impossible to live a good life.
It’s a recognition that reality can’t be grasped conceptually, that the cosmos has its way of operating regardless of what we think about it, the maps we create, the narratives we tell.
Its also expressed in a personal way. In Vedic tradition it’s express as Tat Tvam Asi, ‘Thou art that’, You’re it’. This is it. You are indistinguishable with reality. A wat of accepting yourself as you are instead of trying to be someone you’re not.
It can work practically too. Instead of trying to change your partner or friend into the person you want them to be, you can be with them as the person they are.
There is the Flower sermon which is possibly an apocryphal story about the Buddha. In the story, the Buddha gives a wordless sermon to his followers by holding up a white lotus flower. The majority of his audience doesn’t understand, except one monk, Mahākāśyapa, who smiles.
In one respect it signifies the direct transmission of the Buddha’s ideas. Not through the conceptual exchange but an understanding of people who think alike. It demonstrates the ineffable nature of tathātā.
To me, the sermon hits upon a key attitude we have towards our existence. The monks who failed to understand were caught up their expectations. The Buddha was proposing a problem to be fixed, and conceptual riddle to be solved. Our expectations cloud the issue.
Stop trying to solve the flower, instead enjoy it, marvel in it’s beauty, delicacy and more. That’s the ‘answer’ the Buddha was trying to convey. Put aside your discursive, conceptual, analytical mind and enjoy life, instead of asking foolish questions about it. That is be passionately entangled with life, with the moment.
Why do we think it’s a question to be answered? Such a question is afar better one and trying to answer it reveals something about our own nature.
So in a way it was a riddle, but the answer and one Mahākāśyapa understood is that there is no riddle. As Kierkegaard pointed out, ‘life is not a problem to be solved’. To me, it’s an adventure to be lived.
It’s what I’ve also noted in Zen Koans. I have only come across the more popular ones, like, ‘What is the sound of one hand clapping‘ or ‘Who were you before your parents we’re born’. We think they’re questions with clear answers, but that’s erroneous.
They’re riddles deliberately made ambiguous and meaningless. What they reveal is not the answer but our discursive, conceptualising minds that seeks one. It shows that just because can can frame a question doesn’t mean it makes sense. Like we’re being asked to bottle our experiences like a winemaker bottling wine.
If you don’t understand the question, what makes you think you’ll ever understand the answer? Those who failed to understand don’t see that our minds habitually operate in these analytical, conceptual grooves of mental activity. There is no bottle big enough to hold a single moment in its entirety. You can’t capture reality in a conceptual cup.
Without such awareness, life will always be a problem to be solved, and we will perpetually be unsatisfied. To find Tathātā is to stop asking questions that can’t be answered.
Asking questions means you want conceptual answers. Well that won’t work. So the answer is neither, nothing, not applicable, or Mu in Japanese.
It points out that there is a difference between reality and our ideas about reality (Map vs terrain), and our typical reflex desire to think there are the same, The Map is Not the Territory.
Tathātā is saying as I like to put it: ‘these are the rules of the game’ or ‘this is the job’. In Japanese the phrase. Sonomama そのまま. ‘that’s the way it is.’ or ‘as is’ has the same sentiment. Just like we use “c’est la vie” ‘that’s life, that’s how things happen’.
It’s not that life is unfair, you just don’t know the rules of the game. You and your needs are not the centre of the cosmos, and it’s under no obligation to conform to your expectations.
Once you let go of the neediness for answers, not trying to twists or shape it, you can grasp reality as it is. To sit in the moment and experience, to accept it. Like a meditation, mindful state, being in the present, or a ‘Birdwatcher mind’ as I call it. Buddhism can be described as an Intimacy with reality.
Tathātā like other Buddhist ideas is not an easy idea to grasp because as I have tried to explain above, it’s that very grasping for answer that’s the problem. We fail to see our desires cause us to think, to chop up reality into part. Yet this fragmented reality is not the reality that we face, that reality is an undifferentiated whole, a Cosmology of ‘no things‘.
By letting go of our neediness, our craving for answers, for clarity, security, control, power etc we get to experience reality how it is. This is seeing reality unclouded by our conceptual thought, and untarnished by desire. In a way, it’s what Buddhism is all about. The most important endeavour, the path of enlightenment and away from ignorance, illusion and suffering.
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